Additional Effects of Sleep Apnea

Additional Effects of Sleep Apnea

Sep 12

For those that are familiar with sleep apnea, they know that those living with the disorder often wake up tired. Very few people, however, understand the other complications that can result from sleep apnea. Whether you are living with sleep apnea or not, keep reading to learn more about its additional complications. It may end up helping you or a loved one!

High Blood Pressure

Those living with sleep apnea may also be living with high blood pressure as well. It can work both ways: either high blood pressure can cause sleep apnea or sleep apnea can cause high blood pressure.

As we all know, sleep apnea causes restricted breathing. This lack of breathing can lead to a lack of oxygen inside the body. In response to this lack of oxygen, your brain sends signals to the blood vessels in your body to increase blood flow, especially to the heart and to the brain.

This increased blood pressure because there is now pressure on the walls of the blood vessels. If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to heart disease as well as strokes. If you are living with sleep apnea, it is important to reach out to a doctor to not only get treatment for your sleep apnea but your high blood pressure as well.

Brain Damage

Research conducted by medical professionals has shown that sleep apnea may lead to brain damage. First, we need to define what brain damage is to better understand its potential connection to sleep apnea. Brain damage is any trauma or impact to the brain that can impact its ability to function, whether that is in the short or long term.

To function properly, the brain needs a consistent supply of oxygen. During obstructive sleep apnea, oxygen flow to the brain is cut off as overall oxygen supply is cut off during obstructive sleep apnea. This lack of oxygen to the brain can cause damage to the brain cells and brain tissues, resulting in brain damage. You can read more about sleep apnea and brain damage on the Silent Night Therapy website.


A common complaint of those with sleep apnea is feeling tired and fatigued constantly. This is because the breathing irregularities prompted by sleep apnea can lead to disruption in sleep. Sleep is an important life function — it helps repair our body during times of stress, allows us to fight off diseases and infections, and even helps regulate our mood.

Without sleep, our mood can become unstable, leading many to develop depression or other mood disorders. If you believe you have developed depression as a result of your sleep apnea, you should reach out to a doctor and talk about possibly getting prescribed antidepressants.

It is important to remember that this is not an exhaustive list — if you are living with sleep apnea, you should reach out to a doctor and understand all the health complications that may result from your condition. I hope that this blog post helped you or someone special in your life!

The Issue of Work Accidents

The Issue of Work Accidents

Jun 12

If you’ve had any type of dangerous or risky job, chances are your boss made you go through intense training to ensure your safety and the safety of those around you. People in the food industry, an industry that is thought of as relatively safe, need to have a Food Handler’s certificate before they can prepare food and sell it to the public.

Doctors go through years of medical school and then residency before they have patients’ lives put in their hands. Before construction workers are allowed to go to the job site, they undergo rigorous meetings and training sessions to keep themselves out of harm’s way.

On top of this, there is a system of checks and balances that are in place so that these workers have somewhere to turn if they get hurt on the job.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA, is a subset of the Department of Labor. OSHA was designed to help create and maintain safe working conditions for people in the labor force. They provide training and inspections that make sure that these conditions are of good enough quality for people to keep working.

Some guidelines that construction sites have to meet before it is deemed safe to work on including no exposed wires and workers must wear hard hats. As long as the workers follow the rules set forth for them, they should expect to be fairly safe during the workday.

This being said, the workers can only take so many precautions themselves. While wearing proper protective gear and finishing training is a must for these people, sometimes it’s not enough.

Construction sites are often under tight deadlines, and if even one person fails to complete their assigned tasks, construction will grind to a halt.

Failing to meet those deadlines looks bad for the company, and it may be harder for them to get jobs in the future. Because of this, supervisors sometimes put the job ahead of their workers.

Negligent supervisors can ignore the breaks that workers are required by law to have, and can threaten to fire employees if they don’t stay late to finish the job. They can even neglect the worksite and let it become a dangerous place to work if they are in big enough of a hurry.

When these bosses act in this manner, the employees are the ones who suffer. In addition to feeling overworked and underpaid, the employees face an increased risk of danger. Working with heavy machinery such as cranes and forklifts can be even riskier than normal if the worksite is unsafe, resulting in catastrophic injury.

If you find yourself injured on the job because of a negligent foreman, contact Greenville injury lawyers. They will fight to get you a settlement that helps cover your medical expenses and lost wages while you recover.

An unsafe work environment is one that can cost you your life. Don’t let your employers get away with their greed; a bad review on a company website will never be more important than your well-being.

How to Choose a Criminal Defense Lawyer

How to Choose a Criminal Defense Lawyer

Feb 08

Hiring the right lawyer is crucial for anyone that’s been accused of a crime. Simply going through the trial process is enough to have your reputation tarnished. The court of public opinion often operates on a guilty-until-proven-innocent standard. It’s a shame, but getting convicted can limit you for the rest of your life. That’s why it’s always important to look for a lawyer that has tons of experience but is also adaptable, and looks at the unique circumstances behind your case.

When you hire a lawyer to represent you in a criminal case, that lawyer is going to plead in front of a jury or judge as to why you are innocent, or why you should receive a lenient sentence if you are guilty. Lawyers that have lots of experience are great, because they know the best arguments for different types of cases. They know the dispositions of judges in the area. They also have expertise in picking out jury members that will sympathize with your situation. The hard part is that just because a lawyer has tons of experience doesn’t mean that they’re good at what they do. Some lawyers look at criminal cases in a formulaic way. This means they argue every case in cookie-cutter fashion, bringing up the same exact points that don’t really resonate with the court.

To find a great lawyer, you want tons of experience and a great track record. A great track record shows me that the lawyer doesn’t look at criminal cases in that cookie-cutter sort of way. They’re going to review the evidence, ask hard questions during depositions, and bring in expert witnesses to get the facts. I was surfing the web for an example and I found the website for Horst Law. The attorneys at Horst Law have both of the things I’ve mentioned: experience and a great track record. They’ve been in the criminal defense business for more than 25 years. On top of that, they’ve won cases on a wide array of different charges.

One area they focus on is drug crimes at the state and federal level. An average lawyer might look at all drug charges as essentially the same and try to get the client a reduced sentenced based on the situation, but Horst Law recognizes lots of different distinctions within the drug crimes. They have experience defending people charged of simple possession, drug manufacturing, drug conspiracy, drug trafficking, and possession with intent to sell.

They also deal heavily in sex offenses. They notice the circumstances around each case to create their argument. For sex offenses, the relationship between the people involved, the age of the people involved, and whether violence was also a factor are all important things to take into consideration. Horst makes sure to take all of these sorts of things into account when fighting for a client.

I’m too busy to get myself into trouble, so I probably won’t have to go looking for a criminal defense lawyer anytime soon. I also don’t live in the Nashville area, so I won’t have reason to refer Horst myself. However, if a friend of mine found himself in hot water I would give him the same advice that I’m giving right now. Look for a lawyer that has years of experience and doesn’t do cookie-cutter arguments.

What You Need to Know About Alimony in California

What You Need to Know About Alimony in California

Jun 24

When determining alimony, the state of California takes into consideration a couple’s lifestyle during the time they were married. The spouse who earns the most money may have to accommodate the other after the divorce, and the court does not take gender into consideration. If the judge decides one spouse must give money to the other in order for the former spouse to continue living in a similar manner, then this is referred to as spousal support or alimony.

Types of Spousal Support

There are three types of alimony that the judge may deem appropriate for your situation. Temporary support is a brief form of alimony that may last until the divorce proceedings are over, but it could last longer. Spousal support is a continuous form of alimony that could last several years after the divorce. As circumstances change, the court is willing to renegotiate the terms of the alimony agreement. The judge may also decide that a one-time payment of alimony in the form of a lump-sum is the most appropriate way for the former spouse to receive support.

How to Determine the Duration of Alimony

The court takes into consideration how long a couple has been married. If the former spouses were together less than ten years, then it’s likely that the alimony order will be for less than five years. For couples that were together longer than ten years, it becomes more difficult to determine with certainty. If the former spouse cannot work full-time or they sacrificed career opportunities to raise a family, the judge may be more inclined to award more support. However, the paying spouse may be able to demand that the receiving spouse support themselves after a certain amount of time. Either way, the attorneys on both sides of the argument will have their hands full trying to prove their point.

Calculation Alimony Payments

The court uses a complicated formula to determine how much alimony should be awarded to a former spouse, and it is based roughly on 50 percent of the income of the lower earning spouse compared to 40 percent of the higher earning spouse’s income. As the final amount is determined, adjustments will be made to compensate for things like taxes and child support.

Making Adjustments

Unless both couples signed an agreement that prohibits any adjustments to the final agreement, the alimony contract can be changed. Either spouse has the right to request the agreement be modified or terminated, depending on new developments regarding the former spouse’s financial situation. If either spouse dies, then the alimony agreement will automatically be terminated. Should the receiving spouse decide to cohabit a dwelling with another romantic partner, then alimony payments may not be necessary anymore. The same is true if the receiving spouse remarries because the state of California presumes that there is less financial need than before. Alimony arrangements are complicated and complex. For more information, the Law Offices of Baden V. Mansfield site has a lot of information about alimony in California.

Toys R Us is facing bankruptcy…can anyone save this company?

Toys R Us is facing bankruptcy…can anyone save this company?

Sep 10

When I was a kid, I used to love to go shopping at Toys R Us, but I rarely find myself in Toys R Us anymore since I don’t have children yet. I’m looking forward to the day, however, when I can take my kids to a Toys R Us and see their faces light up at all the options they have!  That is if there is even a Toys R Us around by the time I have children. With Amazon and online shopping, Toys R Us is struggling to get back on its feet and is looking at bankruptcy contingency plans.

Forbes writes that Toys R Us is looking for investors to help them look at financing programs. The store has been struggling to increase its balance sheet for about twelve years now. They had a $6.6 billion buyout by investor groups: KKR, Bain Capital, and Vornado Realty Trust. Since their filing, Toys R us has not had a lot of consumers purchasing there. This could also be responsible for online shopping trends. Amazon Inc. carries the same toys and products that Toys R Us sells for a significantly better price. Toys R Us, over $5 million in debt, is trying to refinance and bounce back. This year, Toys’ R Us is continuing to decline. The company’s debt will be increased by $2.6 billion by 2019. The company has hired advisors to help them figure out a plan of action. This could include closing some stores that are not doing well or finding better management and marketing sales. These investors are responsible for acknowledging some international options. They plan to join a conversation that could help them secure deals with potential investors, which could take out $400 million in debt if they are successful. This could help 2018 debts they can anticipate which fall under debtor-in-possession classes. These loans help sponsor and soften the bankruptcy process. Because of the debt loads, the chance to acquire more capital would need to be secured by assets. However, because the company already has many debt agreements, this limits the company’s ability to secure new debt. One entity, the Taj entity, holds 3.6 times the leverage and could offer liens on the international assets. This could make them useful for liability management. Stakeholders of the company own about 12% of the company’s secured notes, which was devised last year from previous engagements that hope this new debt will provide a solution with international assets.

The company has hired advisors to help them figure out a plan of action. This could include closing some stores that are not doing well or finding better management and marketing sales. These investors are responsible for acknowledging some international options. They plan to join a conversation that could help them secure deals with potential investors, which could take out $400 million in debt if they are successful. This could help 2018 debts they can anticipate which fall under debtor-in-possession classes. These loans help sponsor and soften the bankruptcy process. Because of the debt loads, the chance to acquire more capital would need to be secured by assets. However, because the company already has many debt agreements, this limits the company’s ability to secure new debt. One entity holds 3.6 times the leverage and could offer liens on the international assets. This could make them useful for liability management. Stakeholders of the company own about 12% of the company’s secured notes, which was devised last year from previous engagements that hope this new debt will provide a solution with international assets.

Toys R Us is still fighting to be in the toy industry and compete with others such as Amazon and Walmart. I don’t think Toys R Us will be around by 2030 at this rate, if not sooner. The trend has shifted toward online shopping and iPhones, and iPhone apps/games are replacing the toys that Millenials loved and enjoyed. I would like to learn more about the investor’s plans into Toys R Us and their belief in the store’s vision and industry in the future, but I am unsure if they will last much longer at this pace. It just goes to show that in tough times, individuals and companies alike must consider bankruptcy, and corporate bankruptcy tends to be far different than personal bankruptcy, based on some of the research I did look up local bankruptcy lawyers near me. I did find a few great websites like this one here, and I learned quite a bit about the bankruptcy process!

A Brand New Bright Smile through Painless Dentistry

A Brand New Bright Smile through Painless Dentistry

Jun 10

Pain and discomfort are the two major factors that have kept so many individuals from visiting or keeping their appointment with dentists. Thus, despite all efforts to increase patient comfort, dental treatment is one necessary health care, but which many often avoid.

Well, there is great news for all those who need or want to undergo dental treatment nowadays: Painless Dentistry!

An absolutely safe procedure, painless dentistry, also called sedation dentistry, is a kind of dental treatment where a patient is calmed (through the use of mild forms of sedation) before performing a dental procedure.  To help relieve patient anxiety, the area that needs to be treated it numbed so that the patient will not feel the work of the dentist and hygienists. The procedure would have been completed by the time the sedation wears off.  There are varying levels of sedation in painless dentistry:

  • Minimal Sedation. Though the patient is awake, he/she will feel calm.
  • Moderate Sedation. The patient may be awake, but not fully aware.
  • Deep Sedation. The patient is slightly conscious.
  • General Anesthesia. The patient is completely unconscious

Sedation dentistry has actually been practiced by dentists for many years; new techniques, however, has expanded its application, allowing it to be used even for simple treatments, like teeth cleaning. The calming and numbing effects of sedation have also proven an effective antidote even for people who cannot bear the thought of being in the dentist’s chair.

Administering sedation may be done through the following means:

  • Inhaled – this is done through the use of a breathing mask.
  • Oral – a pill that comes in a variety of strengths is given to a patient. This will make a patient feel groggy so that he/she would be asleep during the procedure.
  • IV – IV sedation is administered through an IV drip and it takes effect almost immediately. The dentist can continually monitor and adjust the dosage if necessary.

Sedation is typically used with a topical anesthetic, to numb the area that needs to be treated. When these two are used, dentistry can become totally painless.

According to Babylon Dental Care, in sedating a patient, Nitrous oxide (also referred to as “sweet air”) may be used. The American Association of Moderate Sedation Nurses (AAMSN), however, makes the reminder that though sedation is extremely safe, it should only be administered by qualified providers, like Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs), anesthesiologists, other physicians, dentists, and oral surgeons; trained Registered Nurses may also assist in the administration of (conscious) sedation.

Sedation dentistry is for patients who are very fearful or anxious of getting dental work completed. Conscious sedation allows them to fall asleep during treatment the dentist performs the treatment(s). A board certified anesthesiologist is available to administer IV sedation. When they wake up, they can enjoy a brand new smile!


Ending a Marriage without being too Argumentative

Ending a Marriage without being too Argumentative

Apr 01

Marriage counselors and divorce lawyers know that the process of divorce is complex, demoralizing, emotional and, often, extremely frustrating, especially when it is settled in court. Contested divorce, which is the traditional way of ending a marital union, is divorce settled in a family court, wherein all decisions regarding divorce-related issues (child custody and visitation rights, child support, alimony or spousal support, and division of property, assets and debts) are made by a family court judge since the divorcing spouses refuse to agree or cannot reach an agreement on these issues.

Other than a family court judge deciding on all issues, contested divorce is also open to the public, thus, all those present in the courtroom witness how each spouse, through their respective lawyers, discredit and destroy one another, often in order to win the judge’s favor. This type of divorce can also drag on for months, even up to a couple of years, and the longer it takes to settle everything the more expensive it becomes.

Avoiding all the unpleasant effects associated with contested divorce is the most probable reason why many divorcing couples in the U.S. now choose alternative processes, one of which is mediated divorce or mediation, a private and out-of-court legal procedure wherein divorcing couples are given the chance to settle by themselves all divorce-related issues in a friendly way. If there is one thing that mediated divorce promotes, it is preserving the respect between the spouses, which is necessary in recognizing each other’s rights and interests, and vital in living out their parental roles (for though they may end being a couple, their being parents to their child/children, if they have any, does not end).

As explained in the website of the law firm Marshall & Taylor PLLC, “mediated divorce is among the least contentious and time-consuming processes through which a couple may legally dissolve their marriage. In a mediated divorce, partners utilize the services of an objective mediator to resolve any outstanding disagreements through an amicable and collaborative process. This divorce process can truly be beneficial to any couple who have moderate disagreements concerning the conditions of their divorce.”

Mediated divorce offers the following benefits:

  • It allows the spouses to maintain a good relationship with each other. This will lead to faster and easier resolution of future problems;
  • It enables the spouses to resolve all issues peacefully and within a much shorter period;
  • It is less expensive compared to a contested divorce; and,
  • It helps the spouses communicate better with each other, thus making them understand more each other’s interests.

While the presence of mediated divorce lawyers (for each spouse) is not really necessary, a spouse seeking the assistance of one who is highly qualified can be more beneficial because a lawyer can help his/her client understand more the laws of contested divorce, what he/she can bargain for, how to bargain for these interests and which terms (from the other) party may be accepted, rejected or subjected to negotiation.

Common Scams In Overtime Pay

Common Scams In Overtime Pay

Oct 16

An employee who renders overtime work is entitled to be compensated for such. The Fair Labor Standards Act provides rules that employers must follow when paying their employees. This law defines what an overtime pay is, when employees must be paid an overtime rate, and who is eligible for overtime pay. Overtime pay lawyers will tell you that some employers use deceptive and illegal tactics to avoid paying overtime pay. Here are some examples of the common scams used by employers:

1. Misclassification

Employers often change the classification of employees from non-exempt to exempt to avoid paying overtime wages. They often give them titles such as “manager” or “supervisor” and claim that such positions is exempt from overtime pay.

2. “Off the Clock”

IN addition, employers often demand that their employees work “off the clock” after rendering 40 hours of work in a week so are exempted from paying overtime pay. Likewise, they refuse to pay their employees for legally mandated breaks or force workers to clock out when they eat at their stations and go on a working break.

3. Miscalculating Workweek

By definition, a workweek consists of 7 consecutive days, regardless of which day is the start of the week. Some employers calculate the average hours worked over a number of weeks to avoid paying overtime.

4. Pre-approval

Another tactic employers use to avoid paying overtime wage is to require employees to seek prior approval for overtime before they are paid.

5. On-Call Work, Meetings, and Take Home Work

Employers do not consider on-call work, work-related meetings, or take home work as overtime hours and hence will not pay their employees overtime pay when engaging in these kinds of work.

These are just some of the common practices that employers utilize to avoid paying overtime wage. If you had been denied your overtime pay, you have the right to sue your employer.

Motorcycling: Made Unsafe by Negligent or Careless Drivers

Motorcycling: Made Unsafe by Negligent or Careless Drivers

Jul 04

Motorcycling: Made Unsafe by Negligent or Careless Drivers

There were 8.4 million private and commercial motorcycles registered in the U.S. in 2014. According to the Department of Motor Vehicles, a motorcycle is any two- or three-wheel powered vehicle which can be used off-road, on-road or for dual-purpose (both on – and off-road). Only those that are used on-road and for dual-purpose, though, are required to comply with federal and state certification standards as well as be registered before these can be allowed on public roadways (motorized bicycles, and mopeds or light scooters, which are light powered two-wheel vehicles with engines smaller than 50cc, are usually allowed to run on public roadways without registration).

Compared to cars, motorcycles are unquestionably much more economical in terms of fuel cost. Riders can also easily weave through traffic by lane splitting (though this is not illegal, it should be done safely and in a prudent manner). The continuous increase of motorcycles on the road only shows how famous this vehicle has become and is still becoming. Besides more and more people going to work or running errands using a motorbike, the presence of recreational riders on roads and highways during weekends has also become very noticeable. One consequence of the increase of motorcycles, however, is the growth in the number of riders getting involved in accidents.

From 2010 to 2012, fatal motorcycle accidents were 4,502, 4,612; and, 4,957, respectively, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Motorcycle riders are always vulnerable to serious or fatal injuries both in single and multiple vehicle crashes; this is due to the lack of protection which should be their cushion from the force created during impact.

In single vehicle crashes only the motorcycle is involved. Examples of this include a motorcycle crashing into a solid fixture, such as a concrete support structure, a lamp post, or a telephone pole or booth, or crashing on the pavement probably due to uneven road surface, potholes, or slippery road (because of ice, sand or oil). Multiple vehicle accidents, on the other hand, involve other vehicles, such as a car.

Some easily assume that single motorcycle accidents could only be the fault of the rider, who may be riding too fast, especially when entering a corner. This is not always the case, however, as has been proven in many occasions, wherein a motorcycle accident happened because of someone else’s act of negligence. This is also true in multiple vehicle accidents, wherein drivers of other vehicles are usually the ones at fault.

A study by the NHTSA shows the causes of multiple motorcycle accidents to include drivers committing errors which result to accidents, drivers denying motorcyclists their right of way, drivers behind the wheel even when drunk, or drivers failing or not bothering to check for possible approaching motorcycles before making a turn or when entering an intersection.

According to the law firm Schuler, Halvorson, Weisser, Zoeller & Overbeck, P.A., a motorcyclist is susceptible to a number of serious injuries after an accident, some of which can require expensive medical attention and cause debilitating and long-lasting health conditions. The financial damages resulting from injuries sustained in an accident should not be the responsibility of the motorcyclist, especially if the one at fault in an accident was the driver of the other vehicle. A civil lawsuit against the at fault driver can help the injured motorcyclist seek the compensation he or she may need.

Motorcycle Means Danger

Motorcycle Means Danger

Mar 15

Despite the lack of bodily protection, motorcycles riders are obligated by state and federal laws to follow the same traffic safety rules like all other drivers. A motorcycle, which may refer to any two-wheel or three-wheel powered vehicle, should first comply with state and federal certification standards and be licensed or registered for it to be operated on public roads.

Many studies, both from governmental and private organizations, as well as from the US and around the world, say that motorcycles are dangerous. Compared to cars, motorcycles are lighter, smaller, easily affected by road hazards, less stable, less visible, require more riding skills, and encourage speeding. But if motorcycles are really much riskier to ride and more dangerous than other types of vehicles, then why, besides ensuring fuel economy, do many people prefer these (and their number only seems to increase year after year)? Believe it or not, it is because of the already mentioned simple and crazy reason: it’s dangerous. Add more wheels to a motorcycle and surely people will stop buying and riding it. But as long as motorcycles remain to be designed the way these are now, then these will continue to be loved, resulting to many more purchases, rides, and, sad to say, injuries and deaths.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) says that, in accidents involving a motorcycle and another vehicle, motorcycle riders are up to 40 times more likely to get injured or die than the driver of the other vehicle. From 2011 to 2012, the number of motorcycle riders who got injured in accidents was 81,000 and 93,000, respectively; death rate was 4,630 in 2011 and 4,957 in 2012. About 58% of these injuries and deaths were due to multiple-vehicle crashes, or crashes which involved another vehicle.

Multiple-vehicle crashes are usually results of: a vehicle crossing the centerline and hitting the motorcycle head-on; a motorcycle rider overspeeding; lack of alertness due to distracted driving, a more common fault among drivers of another vehicle; impaired driving, which can be the fault of both driver and rider (drunk riders, however, face greater danger because intoxication will definitely affect their alertness and balance); failure of drivers to check for possible oncoming motorcycles before making a turn or changing lanes; and failure of drivers to respect motorcyclists’ right of way.

In its website, the Abel Law Firm makes clear that drivers who injure or kill a motorcycle rider in an accident that is a result of their act of recklessness or negligence can be held legally liable for their actions. Determining liability, however, can be difficult as the accused liable party can argue that the rider was partly at fault in the accident.